Texas Hold'em ( also known as Texas holdem, hold 'em & holdem) Is essentially the most popular of all poker variants. To begin with, each player is dealt two hole cards with the overall goal of making the best 5 card poker hand. The dealer puts five cards on the board called the community cards. Three cards at once (The Flop), then another (the turn), then another (the river). The community cards are used by all players to make the best possible five-card combination called a hand. Once before and after these community cards are dealt on the board, the players take their chances to bet. To survive in the hand and see the next card dealt, all the players put the same amount of chips in the pot. The best poker hand wins the pot.
In NL Texas Hold'em, a marker called ‘the dealer button’ indicates which player is the dealer for the current round. this button shifts to the left-hand side to the current player in every game round. Every table has a set value of blinds to which all the players agree to play on. Before the game begins, the player clockwise adjacent to the button posts the 'small blind'. The small blind is the first forced bet in any round. The player immediately clockwise from the small blind posts the 'big blind'. The big blind is twice the size of the small blind, quite usually. Each player may also be required to post an ‘ante’ according to the decided pattern of the game. The game begins with, each player receiving his or her hole cards. Betting action proceeds clockwise around the table, starting with the player ‘under the gun’ (immediately clockwise from the big blind).
Player Betting OptionsIn NL Texas Hold'em, the available actions are to 'fold', 'check’, ‘bet’, ‘call’ or ‘raise’. The Precise availability of the options depends on the previous actions that must've taken place on the table. If nobody has yet made a bet, then a player may either check (deny betting but hold their cards) or bet. Once a player posts a bet, then the subsequent players can only fold, call or raise. Calling is the action of matching the previous bet. To raise is to increase the previous bet amount.
Pre-FlopAfter looking at their hole cards, every player gets the chance to play their hand by calling or raising the big blind. The action starts from the left of the big blind. This bet is called a ‘live’ bet on the round. The consecutive player has the option to raise, call or fold. Say, the big blind was ₹10, it would cost ₹10 to call, or at least ₹11 to raise. The action then proceeds clockwise around the table. Betting or wagering continues in every round. All active players (who have not folded) have placed equal bets in the pot.
The FlopThe first 3 community cards are dealt at once face up. This is called ‘the flop’. Betting on the flop resumes with the player clockwise adjacent to the dealer button. The betting options are similar to pre-flop, however, if nobody has previously bet, players may opt to check, passing the action to the next active player clockwise called Under the gun position (UTG).
The TurnAfter the betting action is over in the flop, the ‘turn’ card is dealt on the board face-up. The turn is sometimes also called ‘Fourth Street’.
The RiverWhen the turn round is over, the ‘river’ also called the ‘Fifth Street’ is dealt on the board. The river is the final community card. The Betting now resumes with the active player immediately clockwise from the button. Henceforth the same betting rules apply as they do for the flop round and the turn round, as explained above.
The ShowdownIn case of more than one player remaining when the final betting round is over, the last person to action(raise or call) displays their hole cards. If there had been no bet posted in the final round, the player immediately clockwise from the dealer button shows their cards first. The player with the best five-card poker hand combination wins the pot. In the event of identical hands, the pot will be equally divided between the players with the best hands. In NL Texas Hold'em rules state that all suits are equal. Post the pot is awarded, a new hand is ready to be played. The button now moves clockwise to the next player.