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Poker Essentials

Poker Charts – Every Poker Player Should Memorize

Some call Poker a game of luck. Ask those pros. They’ll admit how many years of practice and tons of trials and errors they have gone through in their earlier poker-player stage. But to make your journey “ smooth like butter”, we are bringing you these 20 poker charts! To master the game of online poker, you should know about them!

What are Poker Starting hands?

A player’s starting hand consists of just two-hole cards kept secret from the other players until the game begins. In addition, the player receives five more cards to share. During the hand, bets are placed before any communal cards are seen. The player’s “playing hand” is the most excellent 5-card poker hand they can make using their two hole cards and the five available community cards. The phrase “hand” refers to the player’s first two hole cards to avoid ambiguity. According to poker players worldwide, below are the top Texas Holdem beginning hands.

  1. Ace-Ace
  2. King-King
  3. Queen-Queen
  4. Ace-King
  5. Jack-Jack
  6. 10-10
  7. Ace-Queen(Suited)
  8. Ace-Jack
  9. Ace-10
  10. King-Jack/ Queen-Jack

How do you read Poker Hands?

In poker, identifying your opponent’s most probable hands is known as “hand reading”.

Basic rules to remember the poker charts

  • The ranges get narrower as the hand goes from the flop to the river.
  • You can remove the hands from your opponent’s range that don’t seem to match his choice whenever he makes one.

Some practical ways of hand reading

  • This one is more like an assumption. The sooner, the better position, the narrower range of the hand. Deducing their hand range is simpler. A pre-flop caller typically has a good hand or hopes to establish his small pair on the flip. Later, players enter the battle with a greater selection of cards. This makes deducing their ranges difficult, but not impossible.
  • It’s better to have a card theory than none at all. Great poker players believe that monitoring actions and guessing your opponent’s cards is preferable to shooting in the dark.

Example: When your opponent puts a large wager, you may presume he has aces or another good hand. This may not be exact, but it provides context. This deduction affects your play. A range may symbolize a player’s hands. Actions determine this. If a middle position player raises the blind, you may assume they have a pair of fives, top pair, ace to nines of different cards, ace to eight of identical suits, or king and queen. When this happens, fold your wrong hands or raise your good ones. Call and take your opponent’s seat if you have good implied odds. Don’t play far-fetched drawing hands. Act according to your odds and opponent’s hand range. Knowing your opponent’s hand range might be helpful. But this is a simplified version. You can bluff with a poor hand if you think it will win you the pot in the next hand. When facing an unknown player, you need specific ground rules to follow. These are some guidelines for reading an unknown player’s hand from their actions. If your opponent overbets, they’re likely pricing draws. Your opponent may underbet to trap callers or block a bid they expect you to call. Late position opponents who call raises may be guessing or hoping for a draw. If your opponent reraises, they have a monster hand.

What are Poker ranges?

Poker range is a player’s possible poker hands. The play estimates the opponents’ ranges since predicting hole cards is practically impossible. If the strongest player you’ve ever seen reraises you preflop in hold’em, their range may be aces and kings. If a player hasn’t folded in an hour and calls your raise, you may assume they have any two cards.

How do you memorize the Poker ranges Chart?

It’s not either an easy or a challenging task. It depends on how much effort you put into it. Indulge yourself in reading books where professionals share their way of memorizing ranges. Understand the shape of the ranges and the why behind them. Also, play mindfully to remember the ranges. To make it easy, here are five preflop ranges. Memorize them to calculate a preflop calling range of 17%.

  • 2.5%: QQ+/AK
  • 5%: TT+/AQ+
  • 10%: 44+/AJ+/KQ/KJs
  • 20%: 22+/ATB/54s+
  • 33%: 22+/ATB/A2s+/A7o+/T9+/43s+/53s+/J8s+/K8s

What is a Poker Preflop chart?

The first betting round before the flip is dealt with, known as pre-flop. This dead money serves as a financial incentive for players to become involved in a hand by putting up the Preflop range charts displaying every potential hand preflop with With pairs running from the top left to bottom right diagonal and suited variants of hands above and off-suit types for to have a better sense of your preflop ranges, you can use these charts.

20 Poker Charts that every player Should have

A poker chart helps a player assess risks, prospects, likelihood, and odds. Keep these charts handy to excel in-game.

1. Poker Hand Ranking

Which player takes home the pot depends on the ranking of their poker hands. This is common knowledge among the vast majority of those who play poker. Consider opening this chart in a separate tab or window for those who have never played online poker. So, you’ll get to know your hand better. This chart is straightforward. With practice, you’ll be able to make your own decisions.

Poker Hand Rankings Chart from strongest to weakest

Hand Name

Definition/ Example

Royal Flush

A-K-Q-J-T (all of the same suit)

Straight Flush

8-7-6-5-4 (all of the same suit)



Full House (Boat)

A-A-A-J-J (three of one, two of the other)


A-J-8-4-2 (all of the same suit)


8-7-6-5-4 (of various suits)



Two Pair


One Pair


High Card A-Q-9-6-3 (different suits, non-connected, unpaired)

Related PostPoker Hand Rankings – The Ultimate Guide

2. Best Poker Starting Hands:

There are two hole cards in poker used to form a beginning hand. There are many options at this stage, but you should know your chances. A pair of aces is usually preferable to a deuce, and ten unsuited when opening hands.

Hand Abbreviation Hand Name
AA Pocket Aces
KK Pocket Kings
QQ Pocket Queens
AKs Ace-King Suited
JJ Pocket Jacks
TT Pocket Tens
AKo Ace-King Off-suit
AQs Ace-Queen Suited
AJs Ace-Jack Suited
KQs King-Queen Suited

3. Common Poker Nicknames

. In poker, naming hands is a favorite pastime for those who play. This chart can better understand poker tactics, often discussed in online poker communities. As a result, if you spend some time studying this chart, you won’t have to Google every single phrase. Here is a list of the top beginning hands and some of the most well-known nicknames.

Hand Nicknames
AA Bullets, (Pocket) Rockets, Needles, Batteries
KK Cowboys, Ace Magnets, King Kong
QQ Ladies
JJ Fishhooks, Brothers
TT Dimes
99 Popeyes
88 Snowmen, Piano Keys
77 Walking Sticks, Candy Canes
55 Nickels, Snakes
44 Sailboats, Magnum
AK Big Slick
AJ Blackjack
K9 Canine
T2 Doyle Brunson

4. Common Made hand Nicknames

Some players are so obsessed with certainly made hands that they decided to give them a name. Here’s a quick rundown.

Made Hand Nick Name
A – K – Q – J – T straight Broadway
A – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 straight Wheel
A – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 straight flush Steel Wheel
K – K – K – K – X Four Horsemen
2 – 2 – 2 – 2 – X Mighty Ducks

5. Poker Blind Charts

In most versions of poker, such as No-Limit Texas Hold’em, there are mandatory blind bets that the players must place to the left of the button before the cards are dealt. The small blind and big blind are two types of blind bets. The most frequent stack size in online poker (and in “cap” / non-deepstack games for live play) is 100 large blinds.

6. Abbreviations for Player Positions at a Poker Table

When playing poker, the position is essential. On every post-flop bet, you must take your turn after your opponents. A full-ring game of poker may accommodate nine or ten players. (In most circumstances, there are nine players at a table; in tournaments, there may be 10.) Position designations for players indicate their position regarding the button and blinds in hand. When players switch places at the table during a hand, they should modify their strategy to win the most money possible. The position names and abbreviations for both 10-max (full-ring) and 6-max (shorthanded) games are shown in the following table.

7. Poker Starting Hand Ranges Chart (6-max Cash, 100bb): Hand Chart Notation

It is more important to know which hands to play with and what places than the actual hand itself. Your starting hands and positions will be laid out in this 6-max Cash Hand Chart. This graph depicts GTO 6-max open-raise hands. Use this chart if everyone plays appropriately. But flawless playing is a myth. Every single player has shortcomings. You should attack a player’s leaks and flaws to maximize your profit rather than playing a fundamentally solid game.

Here are some examples of when you could deviate from the baseline chart:

  • Lift wider, especially towards the button, if you have a big blind fish.
  • Tighten up your open-raise with a LAG 3bettor on your left.
  • If you’re still learning post-flop strategies, raise more tightly. (This strategy will aid your development by removing small +EV pre-flop situations and increasing your +EV post-flop.)
  • Open-raise wider if you have tighter players on your left.
  • Here are several examples: You may also raise more or less according to the table dynamics, hand range, and intended result.

These are only a handful of the many instances. Additionally, if you’re aiming to accomplish a particular outcome, you may try raising more or less depending on the table dynamics and the strength of your hand.

8. Poker Starting Hand Ranges Chart (9-Max Cash, 100bb): Linear Notation

9-Max tables are better suited to your game, and this chart will help you choose which hands/hand ranges to play from each of those locations.

9. Poker Pot Odd Charts ( Related to the Bet Sizes)

You can use pot odds at any time during a hand to figure out if you can make a profitable call (long-term expected value) with your hand, whether it’s a draw in the middle of the hand or action on the river right before the showdown.

Related Posts – Poker Diaries: What Are Pot Odds and Equity & How To Calculate Them

10. Poker Odds Chart: Outs and Equities (Poker Equity Chart)

When you are confused about the percentage of improving to that straight or flush by the turn, river, or both, use this chart. 

Related Posts – What Are Outs in Poker & How To Calculate Them?

11. Poker Equity Chart: Common PRE-FLOP Scenarios

You may think of poker equity as the percentage of the pot that should/could be yours based on how likely you’ll win the hand. If you are a beginner or a seasoned player, this poker chart pre-flops will be helpful to you.

12. Poker Equity Chart: Common POST-FLOP Scenarios

Post-flop, you can use the chart below to indicate how your hand would do in specific scenarios:

13. Minimum Defence Frequency (MDF)

To decide how much of your hand range you should protect and continue with when faced with an opponent’s bet, the MDF (Minimum Defence Frequency) is a mathematical concept used in poker. You should be seeking to employ MDF in practice only when you have no readings on your opponent(s) or the normal habits of your player pool yet. Formula: Initial Pot Size / (Initial pot Size + New Bet Size)

Bet Size as % of Pot Minimum Defence Frequency (MDF)
25% 80%
33% 75%
50% 67%
66% 60%
75% 57%
100% 40%
150% 40%
200% 33%

14. Bankroll Management: Bankroll Requirements Based on Win Rate

You have a 3% risk of becoming broke if you use the chart below to recommend beginning bankroll amounts.

15. Bankroll Management: Guidelines for Bankroll for Texas Hold’em

You can take shots with 14 buy-ins of the next stake in ultra-aggressive BRM, but you should go back down if you drop to 10 buy-ins of the same stake.

16. Bankroll Management: Tournament Bankroll Requirements

The following Bankroll Tournament Chart serves as a reference for managing bankrolls while assuming a 30% return on investment.

Number of Players in Tournaments Number of Buy-ins Required
9 players 24 buy-ins
45 players 69 buy-ins
90 players 103 buy-ins
245 players 154 buy-ins
550 players 219 buy-ins
1,200 players 289 buy-ins
2,600 players 375 buy-ins

Related Posts – Build Poker Bankroll Management – Ultimate Guide

17. Full-Limit Hold’em (FLHE) Minimum Buy-in Chart

18. Push Fold Chart: Nash Poker Chart (Poker Shove Chart)

With more than two players, push charts apply to SB open-shove ranges, and call charts apply to BB calling against SB shoves on games with push charts and call charts. Using the pusher chart, you can see which hands to push from the Button by dividing all the numbers by 2. You’ll get a decent pushing range if you split the original values by four on the chart. Many hands on the chart utilize “20+” big blinds as the maximum value that can be calculated, making it hard to appropriately compute some of these amounts for the CO and hands farther to the right of the blinds.

19. Full Ring Ranges Poker Charts ( 6 Big Blind)

20. Six-Max Ranges Poker Charts ( 9 Big Blinds)

How do you use the poker charts?

Now you got the charts, here is a 3 step process to use them.

  • Determine the situation using the far left column.
  • Find the column that corresponds to your table location by moving down the row to the right.
  • Use the range and size (if applicable) indicated in the relevant box to carry out the action.


Learning poker is not a hard nut to crack. Winning takes practice. It’s an adventure. When there were fewer charts like these, mastering the game was harder. This chart is accessible online and may make poker easier and more fun. These charts can prevent issues and boost performance. Some charts are about naming, not poker. As an online poker player, you must know the terminologies and lingos. How you utilize poker charts matters a lot.


1. Are these charts applied to all poker variations?

It all comes down to context. A chart such as the hand rankings in poker is sometimes described as “fixed,” which is used in most poker variations. Contrarily, in Texas Hold’em, where stake sizes are unrestricted, the odds table is most beneficial.

2. What Does GTO Poker Mean?

An umbrella phrase for “no-limit Holdem strategy” known as “game theory optimum” (GTO) poker is used to describe a method that is impossible to exploit by other players and hence increases your win rate.

3. When should I see Flop?

You should fold if you have a bad or mediocre hand at the start of the game. Your starting hand, such as the ones listed, should be enough for a call. You should re-raise if you have a strong beginning hand like AA or KK in order to increase the amount of money in the pot.

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